上海交通大学学报(医学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (9): 998-.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2019.09.010

• 论著·基础研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

双光子活体成像技术检测缺血性脑卒中超早期血脑屏障损伤

黄婷婷,李妍,张月蔓,周娜迎,范仁辉,李佩盈   

  1. 上海交通大学医学院附属仁济医院麻醉科,上海 200127
  • 出版日期:2019-09-28 发布日期:2019-11-02
  • 通讯作者: 李佩盈,电子信箱:peiying.li@qq.com。
  • 作者简介:黄婷婷(1995—),女,硕士生;电子信箱: 947713691@qq.com。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金优秀青年科学基金(81722017);上海市青年科技启明星计划项目(16QA1402600);上海市教育委员会高峰高原学科建设计划(20181805)

Two-photon in vivo imaging of blood brain barrier injury in the ultra-early stage of cerebral ischemic stroke

HUANG Ting-ting, LI Yan, ZHANG Yue-man, ZHOU Na-ying, FAN Ren-hui, LI Pei-ying   

  1. Department of Anesthesiology, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200127
  • Online:2019-09-28 Published:2019-11-02
  • Supported by:
    Outstanding Youth Science Foundation of National Natural Science Foundation of China, 81722017; Shanghai Rising-Star Program, 16QA1402600; Shanghai Municipal Education Commission—Gaofeng Clinical Medicine Support, 20181805)。

摘要: 目的 ·评估双光子活体成像技术在缺血性脑卒中超早期血脑屏障( blood brain barrier,BBB)损伤的检测效果。方法 ·取 8~ 12周龄的清洁级 C57BL/6健康雄性小鼠 12只,随机分为假手术组( Sham组)和大脑中动脉阻塞( middle cerebral artery occlusion,MCAO)组,每组 6只。MCAO组小鼠采用微线栓阻塞大脑中动脉 60 min,引发小鼠发生缺血性脑卒中(即建立 MCAO模型);Sham组小鼠进行与 MCAO组小鼠相同的所有手术操作,但不置入微线栓。当 MCAO组小鼠缺血 60 min后,拔除线栓给予再灌注 30~ 60 min。随后, 2组小鼠均行静脉注射荧光素 488偶联的右旋糖苷( Alexa-Fluora-488 conjugated dextran)和罗丹明 6G(rhodamine 6G),分别标记血管和中性粒细胞,并采用四甲基罗丹明 -5-马来酰亚胺( tetramethylrhodamine-5-maleimide,TMR)检测 BBB的完整性。采用双光子荧光显微镜观察 MCAO组小鼠脑卒中前、后脑血管内外荧光强度的实时变化。结果 ·与发生脑卒中前相比,MCAO组小鼠脑卒中发生后 30~ 60 min即可观察到脑血管外 TMR荧光强度显著增强( P0.000),提示发生了示踪剂渗漏。与 Sham组相比, MCAO组小鼠发生脑卒中后中性粒细胞在血管内运动速度明显减慢( P0.000)。结论 ·双光子活体成像技术可对缺血性脑卒中超早期的 BBB损伤进行检测,为临床应用提供了一定的参考价值。

关键词: 缺血性脑卒中, 血脑屏障, 双光子, 活体成像

Abstract: Objective · To evaluate the effect of two-photon in vivo imaging on detecting the blood brain barrier (BBB) injury in the ultra-early stage of cerebral ischemic stroke. Methods · Twelve clean grade C57BL/6 healthy male mice aged 8-12 weeks were randomly divided into Sham group and middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) group, which were sham operated or middle cerebral artery occluded, respectively. After 60 min of ischemia, MCAO mice were treated with reperfusion for 30-60 min after the suture being removed. The vessels and the neutrophils of mice in the two groups were labeled intravenously with Alexa-Fluora-488 conjugated dextran and rhodamine 6G, respectively. The integrity of BBB was detectedintravenous injection of tetramethylrhodamine-5-maleimide (TMR). Before and after the stroke, the real-time changes of the fluorescence intensity of the inside and outside cerebral vessels of mice in the MCAO group were observedtwo-photon fluorescence microscopy. Results · The fluorescence intensity of TMR in the external cerebrovascular of mice in the MACO group was significantly increased within 30-60 min after stroke (P0.000), suggesting there existed tracer leakage. Compared with the Sham group, the movement of neutrophils in the blood vessels of mice in the MACO group was significantly slowed down (P0.000). Conclusion · Two-photon in vivo imaging can be used to detect the BBB injury in the ultra-early stage of cerebral ischemic stroke, which provides a certain reference value for clinical application.

Key words: cerebral ischemic stroke, blood brain barrier (BBB), two-photon, in vivo imaging

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