上海交通大学学报(医学版) ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 282-.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2020.03.002

• 新型冠状病毒防控专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

口腔诊疗中新型冠状病毒气溶胶传播的防控

冉淑君,梁景平   

  1. 上海交通大学医学院附属第九人民医院牙体牙髓科,上海市口腔医学重点实验室/上海市口腔医学研究所,国家口腔疾病临床研究中心,上海 200011
  • 出版日期:2020-03-28 发布日期:2020-04-09
  • 通讯作者: 梁景平,电子信箱:liangjpdentist@126.com。
  • 作者简介:冉淑君(1987—),女,住院医师,博士;电子信箱:ranshujun@126.com。

Aerosol transmission prevention of novel coronavirus in dental clinics

RAN Shu-jun, LIANG Jing-ping   

  1. Department of Endodontics and Operative Dentistry, Shanghai Ninth Peoples Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology & Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology; National Clinical Research Center of Stomatology, Shanghai 200011, China
  • Online:2020-03-28 Published:2020-04-09

摘要: 2019年12月暴发于湖北武汉的新型冠状病毒肺炎(corona virus disease 2019,COVID-19)在短期内扩散至全国,部分患者出现严重的急性呼吸综合征,已成为国际关注的重大公共卫生事件。携带新型冠状病毒的COVID-19患者是主要的传染源,人群普遍易感,因此切断传播途径是首要的防控措施。由于口腔科治疗的特殊性,诊疗过程中会形成大量的气溶胶,交叉感染的风险高,为疫情防控带来困难。该文就口腔科诊疗过程中气溶胶形成特点和气溶胶传播防控方法进行重点讨论。

关键词: 新型冠状病毒肺炎, 口腔诊疗, 气溶胶, 交叉感染

Abstract: Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which broke out in Wuhan, HuBei in December, 2019, spread around the country in a short term. Some infected patients suffered severe acute respiratory syndrome. It has become a major public health event of international concern. COVID-19 patients are the main source of transmission and most people get infection easily, so the current main prevention method is interrupting the pathway of transmission. The dental treatments are very special becathese operations produce substantial aerosols and lead a high risk of cross-infection, which brings challenge for epidemic prevention and control. In this paper, the characteristics of aerosols and prevention methods of aerosol transmission in dental clinics are mainly discussed.

Key words: corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), diagnosis and treatment of oral diseases, aerosol, cross-infection