JOURNAL OF SHANGHAI JIAOTONG UNIVERSITY (MEDICAL SCIENCE) ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (07): 974-979.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2020.07.018

• Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research progress on the risk factors and treatment of consecutive esotropia after exotropia surgeries

ZHANG Liu-hui, ZHANG Xu, WANG Jia-lu, KANG Xiao-li   

  1. Department of Ophthalmology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China
  • Online:2020-07-28 Published:2020-09-23
  • Supported by:
    Key Project of Shanghai Municipal Health and Family Planning Commission (201440037).

Abstract: Consecutive strabismus refers to the secondary manifest strabismus right after or a period after strabismus surgeries, including consecutive esotropia and consecutive exotropia. It is reported that the incidence of consecutive esotropia is 6%-20%. Consecutive esotropia may lead to increased risks of amblyopia and visual deficiency in children and diplopia in adults. As the multiformity and complexity of continuous esotropia, there exist many challenges for clinicians to know the risk factors well and select appropriate treatment. The article reviews the latest research progress on the risk factors and treatment strategies of consecutive esotropia, aiming to help better evaluate the risks of continuous esotropia after exotropia surgeries, adjust the operation plans, and provide references to select the appropriate treatment plan.

Key words: consecutive esotropia (CST), ophthalmologic surgical procedure, risk factor, binocular vision

CLC Number: