Journal of Shanghai Jiao Tong University (Medical Science) ›› 2023, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 108-113.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2023.01.014

• Review • Previous Articles    

Progress of residual neuromuscular blockade after general anesthesia in elderly patients

LIU Qiuli(), JIANG Lai, WENG Xiaojian()   

  1. Department of Anesthesiology and Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China
  • Received:2022-05-14 Accepted:2022-11-03 Online:2023-01-16 Published:2023-01-16
  • Contact: WENG Xiaojian;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(82172159);Interdisciplinary Program of Shanghai Jiao Tong University(YG2021QN56)


Muscle relaxation induced by muscle relaxants is one of the important conditions for endotracheal intubation and fixation, but sometimes muscle functions recover incompletely after operations, which is called postoperative residual neuromuscular block (PRNB). It can cause a series of serious postoperative complications and even death. Hence, it is essential to prevent and treat PRNB in the early stage during anesthesia implementation. With the rapid development of surgical technology and the gradual extension of the life span of the population, the number of operations for elderly patients is gradually increasing. Meanwhile, due to the physiological and pathological changes of the elderly and the combined underlying diseases, the elderly are more likely to suffer from PRNB in different degrees after surgery, which seriously damages the prognosis of elderly patients and increases the loss of medical resources. In these years, the successful application of short-acting muscle relaxants, new antagonists (such as sugammadex), and multi-mode neuromuscular monitoring devices in clinical practice have greatly reduced the incidence of PRNB in elderly patients. Furthermore, the basic researches which mainly based on the neuromuscular junction structure and the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies of the elderly provide a new theoretical basis for reducing the harm of PRNB to elderly patients. This paper reviews the research progress of the mechanism, adverse events and clinical interventions of PRNB in elderly patients after general anesthesia surgeries to provide reference for muscle relaxation management and postoperative antagonism in these people.

Key words: the elderly, postoperative residual neuromuscular block (PRNB), neuromuscular blocking agent, muscle relaxant antagonism

CLC Number: