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Prospective study of the treatment of adenomyosis by combining hysteroscopic transcervical resection of endometrium with levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system

CHEN Fu-qiang, ZHANG Ai-feng, WANG Xiao-bo   

  1. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pudong New Area Women & Children Hospital, Shanghai 201206, China
  • Online:2017-05-28 Published:2017-05-31
  • Supported by:

    Research Project of Shanghai Municipal Health Bureau, 20114140


Objective · To explore the clinical application value of hysteroscopic transcervical resection of endometrium (TCRE) combined with levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (Mirena) in the treatment of adenomyosis. Methods · A total of 112 cases of adenomyosis patients were divided randomly into the combination group and Mirena group. The combination group (56 cases) was treated by TCRE endometrium endometrial resection, assisted Mirena treatment after operation. Mirena group (56 cases) was treated by Mirena only. The follow-up lasted 36 months after treatment, including measures of the volumes of menstrual bleeding, hemoglobin levels, dysmenorrhea scores, uterine volume, serum CA125 levels and incidences of complications. Results · The median follow-up duration was 42 months, and the three-year follow-up rate was 73.21% for the combination group and 50% for the Mirena group. After surgery, the volumes of menstrual bleeding of patients in 3-36 months decreased significantly, with an increase in hemoglobin level and a decrease in serum CA215 level and dysmenorrhea scores. Compared with their situations before surgery, the difference was significant (P<0.05). A comparison of uterine volume before and after surgery showed that there is a significant decrease in the uterine volume in both groups in 6-12 months after surgery (P<0.05). Twenty-four months after surgery, it shows that the combination group has a much more significant decrease in uterine volume [(171.3±34.8) mm3] than Mirena group [(213.7±38.6) mm3] (P<0.05). The hysterectomy rate in Mirena group was significantly higher than that in the combination group (12.50% vs 5.36%); the ring expulsion rate was 16.07% in Mirena group and 5.36% in the combination group, and the break through bleeding happening rate was 8.93% in Mirena group and 3.57% in the combination group. After 36 months an irregular small amount of vaginal bleeding rate was 62.25% in Mirena group, while it was only 12.50% in the combination group. There was significant difference when comparing above indices between two groups (P<0.05). There was no obvious differences in most common side effects of both groups. Conclusion · Hysteroscopic TCRE combined with Mirena reduces significantly the irregular menstrual bleeding caused by merely applying Mirena. It has a prominent clinical efficacy and can be an effective approach in treatment of adenomyosis.

Key words: adenomyosis, levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system, hysteroscopy, transcervical resection of endometirum