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Study of antagonistic activity against M3 receptor and inhibition activity to neutrophil elastase of tropane compounds#br#

CAI Yu-xing1, LIU Hui-zhong1, HU You-min2, ZHANG Jian-hua3, JIN Yu-jie1, LI Ning1, NIU Yin-yao3   

  1. 1. Chemicobiological Laboratory, Experiment-teaching Center, 2. Functional Training Laboratory, Experiment-teaching Center, 3. Department of Chemistry, Basic Medicine Faculty of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200025, China
  • Online:2017-08-28 Published:2017-09-28
  • Supported by:
    Scientific Research Project of Shanghai Municipal Health and Family Planning Commission, 201440575;Science and Technology Fund of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 14XJ10006

Abstract:  Objective · To design and synthesize five new tropane compounds, and test their antagonistic activity against M3 receptor and inhibition activity to neutrophil elastase (NE), of which the structure-activity relationship were preliminarily investigated.  Methods · The five compounds, A1-A3, B1 and C1, were prepared with 3α-hydroxy-tropane (A0) as the starting material by modifying the structure in C-3α position and N atom on the tropane skeleton. The antagonistic activity of the compounds to muscarinic M3 receptors on tracheal rings of guinea pigs was evaluated by functional assays in vitro. The hydrolysis of PGlu-Pro-Val-PNA as substrate was catalyzed by NE to get colorful nitroaniline (PNA). The NE inhibition activity of the tropane compounds was obtained by determining the absorbance [(D(405 nm)] of PNA.  Results · The five new tropane compounds generated strong antagonistic activity against M3 receptors. Among them, A2 had the greatest activity [antagonistic parameter pA2(M3)=9.004], and elicited obvious inhibitory effect to NE (inhibition ratio YA2=20.29%).  Conclusion · Introducing strong electron-attraction group, such as sulfuryl and hydrophobic group with large volume into C-3α position on the tropane skeleton can improve the M3 receptor antagonistic activity as well as the NE inhibition activity.

Key words: tropane, muscarinic cholinergic receptors, M3 receptor antagonist, neutrophil elastase, structure-activity relationship