›› 2009, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (10): 1237-.

• Original article (Preventive medicine) • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Behavior, attitude and influencing factors of smoking among residents aged 15 to 69 years in Hongkou District of Shanghai

QIAN Meng-hua1, LIU Xiao-qin1, WANG Li-yi2, XU Fang1, TAO Li-na1, ZOU Hong1   

  1. 1. Center for Disease Control &|Prevention of Hongkou District, Shanghai 200080, China;2. Hongkou District Health Bureau, Shanghai 200080, China
  • Online:2009-10-25 Published:2009-10-26


Objective To investigate the prevalence and attitude of smoking and its influencing factors among residents in Hongkou District of Shanghai, so as to provide evidence for tobacco control. Methods Nine hundred and sixty residents in Hongkou District of Shanghai aged 15 to 69 years were selected by multi-level random sampling, among whom 958 completed the investigations on smoking status. Results The smoking rate and standardized smoking rate were 20.04% and 18.73%, respectively. The smoking rate and standardized smoking rate of males were 41.05% and 30.07%, and those of females were 0.80% and 1.70%, respectively. The smoking rate of males was higher than that of females (RR=0.02, 95%CI: 0.01-0.03). The smoking rates of age groups of 25 years old and over were higher than those of 15 to 24 years old, and the smoking rate of subjects with or above junior college education was lower than that of subjects with or below middle school education (RR=0.45, 95%CI: 0.25-0.79). Subjects who drank alcohol smoked more than those did not (RR=2.68, 95%CI: 1.76-4.09). Lower annual per capita income and higher knowledge on smoking hazard led to more tendance to object to smoking and agree with anti-smoking. Conclusion The prevalence of smoking of residents aged 15 to 69 years in Hongkou District of Shanghai was relatively lower. Age, gender, education status and alcohol drinking were influencing factors of smoking. Education on tobacco control among subjects aged more than 35 years should be strengthened, and more attention should be paid to those with lower education. Besides, education on alcohol control should be managed together with tobacco control.

Key words: cigarette smoking rate, attitude, influencing factors

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