›› 2010, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (8): 886-.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2010.08.004

• Original article (Preventive medicine) • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Analysis of characteristics of knowledge, attitudes and practice in outpatients with sexually transmitted diseases

XU Gang1, CAI Yong1, LU Xiao-nian2, SHI Rong1   

  1. 1.School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200025, China;2.Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200040, China
  • Online:2010-08-25 Published:2010-08-27
  • Supported by:

    Shanghai Municipal Health Bureau Foundation, 2006Y013


Objective To analyse the characteristics of sexually transmitted diseases(STD) related knowledge, attitudes and practice in outpatients with STD, and provide baseline information for STD/AIDS prevention. Methods With crosssectional method, 156 outpatients diagnosed with STD were randomly selected and investigated by anonymous face to face interview with a self-designed questionnaire which included basic personal information, general knowledge on prevention and treatment of STD, STD related attitudes and high-risk behaviors, and 151 questionnaires (96.79%) were recovered in all. Results Of all the patients, 71.5% aged between 20 and 40 years. There was no significant difference in the average score of STD knowledge between males and females (P>0.05). The transmission routes with lower rates of awareness were sharing toilet or bathtub (66.9%) and sharing linen or bedding (49.7%), and the non-transmission routes with lower rates of awareness were bite by mosquitos (68.9%) and kissing (62.3%). The percentage of males with positive attitude towards pre-marriage and extra-marriage sexual behaviors was significantly lower than that of females (P<0.05). Patients with two or more sexual partners accounted for 67.5% of the total, and 11.9% had ten or more sexual partners. 37.8% of patients had sexual intercourse even after suspect of infection, 41.1% did not use condoms in the latest sexual intercourse, and only 74.3% informed sexual partners of their illness. Conclusion It is imperative to carry out prompt and effective interventions such as propagation of knowledge, guidance of attitudes, behaviors and heath seek for outpatients with STD in high risks of AIDS.

Key words: sexually transmitted disease outpatient, knowledge, attitude, practice, questionnaire survey