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Investigation on school lunch and nutritional status in primary schools and middle schools of Shanghai

HUANG Zhen-ru, GAO Run-ying, ZHANG Ya-li, BAWUERJIANG·Nadila, CAI Mei-qin   

  1. Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Public Health, Shanghai 200025, China
  • Online:2017-01-28 Published:2017-01-19


Objective · To evaluate the students’ lunch intake and nutritional status in primary schools and middle schools of Shanghai, providing evidence for later revise of nutritious lunch guidance. Methods · The stratified cluster random sampling was applied, and 3 primary schools, 3 junior high schools and 1 senior high school, totally 5 322 students were included for 3-day food weight survey. Their height and weight were obtained from school health center. Results · Supply for meat and eggs was excessive while supply for sea food was insufficient. Food intake of students from primary schools and junior high schools was inadequate except for meat and eggs. High school students were better performed in the food intake. What all students shared in common was that the vegetable intake was very low. Intake for primary school students was unsatisfying even worse for the lower grades. Girls in middle schools had worse nutrition intake than boys. The proportion of fat in total energy was too high while the intake of Vitamin A, Vitamin B2, calcium and iron was in shortage. Meanwhile, the overall wasting percentage was 11.4%, and the overweight/obesity percentage was 21.4%, exhibiting a dual problem of nutritional status. Conclusion · There still remained some problems in lunch intake and nutritional status. Therefore, the insufficient supply of sea food and inadequate intake of vegetable should be paid more attention when revising the guidance of school lunch.

Key words: students, school lunch, intake, nutritional status, standard