›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 214-.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2020.02.011

• Original article (Clinical research) • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Perceived stress as a mediator between personality traits and panic disorder symptoms

YANG Chen, LIU Xi-tong, XU Ting-ting, WANG Pei, LIU Qiang, WANG Yong, ZHU Yi, CHEN Jue, WANG Lan-lan, QIU Jian-yin, WANG Zhen, SHAO Yang   

  1. Department of Clinical Psychology, Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200030, China
  • Online:2020-02-28 Published:2020-03-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (81671340); Shanghai Municipal Education Commission—Gaofeng Clinical Medicine Support (20161321); Outstanding Academic Leaders of Shanghai Health and Family Planning System (2017BR058).

Abstract: Objective · To explore the relationship among perceived stress, personality traits and panic disorder (PD) symptoms, and to test the mediating effect of perceived stress on PD symptoms in different personality traits. Methods · A total of 55 PD patients were selected according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) (DSM-5). The NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) was used to measure the personality traits. The Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) was used to measure the PD symptoms severity. The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) was used to measure the level of the perceived stress. Results · Both the neuroticism, agreeableness subscale scores of NEO-FFI and scores of PSS were significantly correlated with the total scores of PDSS, and the correlation coefficient were r0.379 (P0.004), r-0.420 (P0.001) and r0.330 (P0.014), respectively. The mediating effect analysis showed that perceived stress completely mediated the effect of agreeableness on PD symptoms, and the mediating effect was 32.43%. Conclusion · In personality traits, neuroticism may be positively correlated with PD symptoms, while agreeableness may be negatively correlated with PD symptoms. The perceived stress may play a completely mediating role between agreeableness and PD symptoms.

Key words: panic disorder (PD), personality trait, perceived stress, mediating effect