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Assessment of nutrition and health status of residents in poor areas of Chongqing

LI Tao-ting1, TANG Ren2, LIAO He-ping2, SONG Xi-ming2, ZHOU An-zheng2, TAN Tao2, ZHONG Xiao-ni1   

  1. 1.Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China; 2.Fengjie Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chongqing 404600, China
  • Online:2013-11-28 Published:2013-12-03


Objective To assess the nutrition and health status of residents in poor areas of Chongqing, China. Methods Probability proportional sampling (PPS) method was used. Each sampling household was asked with questionnaires and given medical examinations and laboratory tests. Results In poor areas of Chongqing, the adult residents malnutrition, overweight, and obesity rates were 5.37%, 22.07% and 6.59%, respectively. Malnutrition, overweight, and obesity rates in children and adolescents were came to a high level for 11.06%, 8.94%, and 7.66%, respectively. Nutrition-related diseases prevalence stood a high level with anemia prevalence of 6.90%, hypertension prevalence of 20.67%, diabetes and impaired fasting glucose prevalence of 8.92% and 4.11%, respectively, which were all higher than the prevalences of the Chinese population in 2002. Conclusion The nutrition and health status in poor areas of Chongqing are urgent. The problem of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents and the elderly nutrition-related health problems and chronic diseases will be an important public health problem in the future.

Key words: poor areas, nutrition status, health status, assessment