›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 510-.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2018.05.005

• Original article (Clinical research) • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Application of perineural space expansionnormal saline in axillary brachial plexus block

LI Yu-xin, XU Yang, HU Qian, CUI De-rong   

  1. Department of Anesthesia, Shanghai Sixth Peoples Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200233, China
  • Online:2018-05-28 Published:2018-05-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, 81671879; Shanghai Health and Family Planning Commission Fund, 201740118; Interdisciplinary Program of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, YG2016MS17

Abstract: Objective · To compare the clinical effect of ultrasound-guided perineural space expansionnormal saline combined with perivascular technique (PSE-PV) with traditional perivascular technique in axillary brachial plexus block (PV). Methods · A randomized, controlled, and double blind study was performed. Sixty patients arranged for emergency hand surgery were allocated to 2 groups, i.e. PSE-PV group and PV group, with 30 cases in each group receiving ultrasound-guided axillary brachial plexus block. For PSE-PV group, injection was carried out at the 12 oclock position using 5 mL of normal saline firstly to expand the perineural space followed15 mL of 0.5% ropivacaine at the same position. The patients of PV group got their injections of 20 mL of 0.5% ropivacaine at the direction of 12 oclock of axillary artery. The sensory and motor blockade assessment 30 min after drug injection, performance time, success rate, and adverse events were recorded. Results · The sensory and motor blockade scores were 1.7±0.3 and 1.6±0.3 in PSE-PV group, and 1.8±0.4 and 1.6±0.3, respectively in PV group without significant differences (P>0.05). The performance time of PSE-PV group was (4.0±1.3) min, a little longer than that of PV group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The success rates of nerve block reached 100% in both groups. Only 1 case in PV group reacted to the local anesthetics. Conclusion · Ultrasound-guided perineural space expansionnormal saline reduces dosage of local anesthetics in axillary brachial plexus block, which has similar anesthetic effect, performance time and adverse effect with traditional perivascular method.

Key words: axillary brachial plexus block, perineural space expansion, ultrasound, local anesthesia

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