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Suicidal behaviors in men who have sex with men: prevalence, influencing factors, and theoretical models

LI Rui, CAI Yong   

  1. School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200025, China
  • Online:2016-11-28 Published:2016-11-29
  • Supported by:

    Shanghai Pujiang Program,14PJC076;Social Cognitive and Behavioral Sciences program of Shanghai Jiao Tong University,14JCRY03;National Natural Science Foundation of China,71673187


Suicidal behaviors mainly include suicidal ideation, suicidal attempt, and suicide completion. Epidemiological studies suggest that men who have sex with men (MSM) are at a high risk of suicide. Factors influencing the suicidal behaviors of MSM include demographic, psychosocial, and behavioral factors. Minority stress theory provides references for studying the interaction between influencing factors and elucidating the development of suicidal behaviors in MSM. Currently mature psychological models of suicide include Cry of Pain and Schematic Appraisal Model of Suicide, The Comprehensive Cognitive Model, Two-Stage model of Outward and Inward Directed Model, Interpersonal Theory of Suicide, Integrated Motivational-Volitional Model of Suicidal Behavior, and so on. However, none of them has been applied to MSM. Influencing factors, minority stress theory, and theoretical models of suicide can be combined to further study the suicidal mechanisms in MSM.

Key words: men who have sex with men, suicidal behaviors, influencing factors, theoretical models