›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (12): 1402-.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2019.12.010

• Original article (Basic research) • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Inhibition effect of SUMOylation of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ1 on macrophage M2 polarization

WANG Xiu-zhi, ZUO Yong   

  1. Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Cell Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University College of Basic Medical Sciences, Shanghai 200025, China
  • Online:2019-12-28 Published:2020-02-06

Abstract: Objective · To investigate the role and the regulation mechanism of SUMOylation of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ1 (PPARγ1) in macrophage M2 polarization inducedinterleukin-4 (IL-4). Methods · To investigate the SUMOylation of PPARγ1 and identify its SUMOylated site, immunoprecipitation (IP) with anti-FLAG/HA antibody and Western blotting were used after plasmids FLAG-PPARγ1-WT/mutant and HA-SUMO1 being co-transfected into HEK293T cells. To determine SENP1 can de-SUMOylate PPARγ1, IP was used when HEK293T cells were co-transfectedFLAG-PPARγ1-WT, HA-SUMO1 and RGS-SENP1-WT, or SENP1 mutant plasmids. The change of the endogenous SUMOylation of PPARγ1 during M2 polarization was checkedIP and Western blottingusing PPARγ or SUMO1 antibodies in cell lysates of RAW264.7 cells and primary peritoneal macrophages inducedIL-4. The of some M2 related marker genes were detectedreal-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction in PPARγ1-WT/mutants stably-overexpressed RAW264.7 cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) experiment was used to confirm the different ability of binding to the promoter of arginaseⅠ (Arg1) between PPARγ1-WT and PPARγ1-K77R. Results · It has been identified that the major SUMOylated site of PPARγ1 was Lys77, which could be de-SUMOylatedSENP1. The endogenous SUMOylation of PPARγ1 decreased when macrophage polarized to M2 macrophage inducedIL-4. The of Arg1 increased in PPARγ1-K77R stably-overexpressed RAW264.7 cells. PPARγ1-K77R easily bound to the promoter of Arg1 gene, showing more transcription activity. Conclusion · De-SUMOylation of PPARγ1 at Lys77 can enhance its transcription activitypromoting the of Arg1 gene, which is involved in the regulation of macrophage M2 polarization.

Key words: peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ1 (PPARγ1), SUMOylation, SENP1, macrophage, M2 polarization