›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (2): 168-.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2013.02.008

• Original article (Clinical research) • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Analysis of biochemical reactions of Porphyromonas gingivalis clinical isolates

ZHOU Yan-bin, LIU Da-li, LI Yun-peng, SHU Rong   

  1. Department of Periodontology, the Ninth People´s Hospital, College of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Shanghai 200011, China
  • Online:2013-02-28 Published:2013-03-07
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, 30901672;Research Foundation for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China, 20090073120096;Doctoral Innovation and Creativity Funds of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, BXJ201230;Shanghai Scientific Special Funds for Cultivation and Selection of Excellent Young Teachers, jdy09048


Objective To detect the biochemical reactions and analyze the carbohydrate metabolism of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.gingivalis) clinical isolates, with type strains as controls. Methods API 20A and ATB Rapid ID 32A biochemical reaction testing systems were used to determine the biochemical metabolic properties of P.gingivalis clinical isolates (SJD2, SJD4, SJD5, SJD11 and SJD12), with type strains (W83 and ATCC 33277) as controls. Results All tested P.gingivalis strains possessed enzymatic activity of β-galactosidase and β-N-Acetyl-glucosaminidase. These strains had capacities to hydrolyse several amino acid residues and free amino acids such as tryptophan and arginine. In addition, there existed heterogeneity in the biochemical reactions among P.gingivalis strains. Furthermore, different bacterial identification results were found between API 20A biochemical reaction testing system and ATB Rapid ID 32A biochemical reaction testing system. Conclusion P.gingivalis may utilize peptides and amino acids as main carbon or nitrogen resources, with the ability of metabolizing carbohydrate. There are differences in biochemical properties among different strains. ATB Rapid ID 32A test system may be more suitable for identification of gram-negative subgingival anaerobes.

Key words: Porphyromonas gingivalis, clinical isolates, carbohydrate metabolism