›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (10): 1122-.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2019.10.004

• Original article (Basic research) • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of endothelial dysfunction in hypertrophic scars on fibroblasts biology

XI Jing, ZHENG Jie-xin, WANG Xi-qiao   

  1. Burn and Plastic Center, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, China
  • Online:2019-10-28 Published:2019-11-22
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, 30872686, 81671914

Abstract: Objective · To investigate the effect of endothelial dysfunction in hypertrophic scar regression on the fibroblasts biology. Methods · Scar-derived endothelial cells were isolated and cultured proliferative scars, regressive scars and mature scars, and the endothelial cells normal skin as control. After 6 h of culture, the endothelial cell culture medium (ECCM) was harvested. In addition, the fibroblasts normal skin were cultured and treated with the ECCM. After 48 h, the cell viability, total collagen production, and cell apoptosis were assessedAlamar blue, sirius red staining, and TUNEL assay, respectively. Furthermore, anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor), anti-PDGF (platelet derived growth factor), anti-TGF-β1 (transforming growth factor-β1), anti-ET-1 (endothelin 1), and anti-bFGF (basic fibroblast growth factor) neutralizing antibodies were individually added to the ECCM to identify their effects on fibroblasts biology. Results · The results revealed that the ECCM regressive scars inhibited fibroblasts viability and collagen production, and induced apoptosis (PPPConclusion · Vascular endothelial dysfunction in hypertrophic scars can inhibit fibroblast proliferation and collagen production, and induce cell apoptosis, especially in regressive scars. TGF-β1, PDGF and bFGF may play a major role in this process.

Key words: hypertrophic scar, endothelial dysfunction, endothelial cell, fibroblast, scar regression

CLC Number: