›› 2009, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (9): 1066-.

• Original article (Clinical research) • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Prevalence of hypertension and associated risk factors in Songnan community

ZHU Ji-wei1, HUANG Yun2, LIU Li-ping1, GAO Jin-li1, XU Yu2, GU Li-na2, ZHAO Zhi-yun2, XIANG Jie2, TAN Jiao-rong2, XU Min2, HUANG Hong-er3, BI Yu-fang2, NING Guang2, LI Xiao-ying2   

  1. 1. Songnan Community Medical Center of Shanghai Baoshan District, Shanghai 200441, China;2. Department of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, Shanghai Institute of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Ruijin Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200025, China;3. Centers for Disease Control of Shanghai Baoshan District, Shanghai 201900, China
  • Online:2009-09-25 Published:2009-09-29
  • Supported by:

    Shanghai Top Discipline, Y0204; National Natural Science Foundation of China, 30800536


Objective To investigate the prevalence and associated risk factors of hypertension in Songnan community so as to provide evidence for the early prevention of hypertension. Methods Cluster sampling was employed, and questionnaire survey was performed in 10 185 residents aged above 40 years in Songnan community of Baoshan District. The questionnaires involved with hypertension and associated risk factors. Results The prevalence of hypertension was 49.9% in Songnan community of Baoshan District, and that of men was significantly higher than that of women (53.7% vs 47.3%)(P<0.0001). The rates of hypertension awareness and control of this community were 70.2% and 23.7%, respectively. The prevalences of hypertension of men and women increased with age(P<0.0001). Compared with those with normal body mass index (BMI), the prevalences of hypertension in patients with overweight and obesity were significantly increased (53.7% vs 36.3%, P<0.0001; 70.7% vs 36.3%, P<0.0001). The prevalences of hypertension in patients with impaired fasting glucose and diabetes mellitus were significantly higher than those with normal glucose tolerance(64.5% vs 43.7%, P<0.0001; 71.2% vs 43.7%, P<0.0001). Stepwise Logistic regression revealed that age, male, drinking, overweight/obesity, glycometabolism abnormality and high triglyceride level were independent risk factors of hypertension (P<0.05). Conclusion It is of utmost importance to take measures to prevent and treat hypertension in communities, especially in the elderly and those with overweight and obesity.

Key words: hypertension, prevalence, risk factors

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