›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (12): 1594-.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2017.12.003

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Effects of sodium houttuyfonate on spinal cord injured neurons in rats

TANG Wei1, XIA Yong-zhi1, LIU Jing-xian1, LIU Lu2, YAN Yi1 #br#   

  1. 1. Department of Neurosurgery, 2. Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China
  • Online:2017-12-28 Published:2018-01-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural
    Science Foundation of China, 81100906; National Clinical Key-Discipline Construction Program of China, [2011] 170; Natural Science Foundation of Chongqing Municipality,

Abstract: [Abstract] Objective · To investigate the effects of sodium houttuyfonate (SH) on neurons in early traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) rats and its
mechanism. Methods · Forty adult female rats were randomly divided into sham group (n=8), control group (n=8) and experimental group (n=24). The
sham group only received opened laminectomy without spinal cord clamping, the spinal cords in other two groups were clamped. The experimental group
was divided into low [0.06 g/(kg·d)], moderate [0.12 g/(kg·d)] and high [0.24 g/(kg·d)] dose subgroups, in which SH was administrated intragastrically 1 h
after operation and next two days. The other groups were given equivalent normal saline. The best therapeutic dose of SH was screened out by the results
of the BBB scores and Nissl staining. To explore the neuroprotection mechanisms of SH, 72 rats were randomly divided into sham group (n=24), model
group (n=24) and SH best dose group (n=24), the postoperative interventions were as same as above. Immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry
were respectively used to detect the number of motor neurons and cleaved-caspase3 positive staining neurons, the expression of Bax, Bcl-2, NeuN and
cleaved-caspase3 was detected by Western blotting. Results · The BBB scores on day 5 and day 7 after operation in low dose group were higher than
those of control group (all P<0.01), but lower than those of moderate and high dose groups (all P<0.01), and the scores in the moderate and high dose
groups were not different significantly. On day 7 after operation, compared with moderate and high dose groups, the dissolution of Nissl bodies in low
dose group and control group increased, the number of Nissl bodies reduced, and the colour shallowed. But Nissl staining in moderate and high dose groups were similar. The optimal dose of SH was 0.12 g/(kg·d), which was judged by the results of BBB scores and Nissl staining. On day 3 and day 7 after operation, compared with control group, the number of motor neurons and the expression of NeuN and Bcl-2 in SH best dose group were increased (all P<0.01), while the number of cleved-caspase3 positive staining neurons and the expression of Bax and cleaved-caspase3 were reduced (all P<0.01). Conclusion · SH has a certain neuroprotection on neurons in TSCI, its mechanism may be through upregulating the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax, thereby reducing the neuronal apoptosis.

Key words: spinal cord injury, sodium houttuyfonate, neuron, apoptosis