›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (8): 1074-.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2017.08.005

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of estrodial on C type natriuretic peptide and insulin like growth factor 1 expression in rat growth plate chondrocytes

YU Bo1, WANG Jun-qi2, WANG Wei2, SUN Man-qing2, XIAO Yuan2   

  1. 1. Shanghai University of Medicine & Health Sciences, School of Clinical Medicine, Shanghai 201318, China; 2. Pediatric Department, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, China
  • Online:2017-08-28 Published:2017-09-28
  • Supported by:
    Shanghai Municipal Scientific Research Special Fund for Outstanding University Youth Teacher, ZZjkxy13003;Jin Lei Pediatric Endocrinology Growth Research Fund for Young Physicians, PEGRF201002008

Abstract:  Objective · To observe effect of 17β estrodial (17β E2) with different concentrations on C type natriuretic peptide (CNP), insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF1), and natriuretic peptide receptor B (NPR-B) expression and proliferation of growth plate chondrocytes of rats in vitro.  Methods · Eight Wistar rats were sacrificed and their epiphyseal cartilages of the upper tibias were separated to obtain chondrocytes on the 14th day after birth. Then chondrocytes were cultured with 17β E2 in different concentrations (10-4、10-6、10-8、10-10 and 10-12 mol/L) for 48 h, while control group was cultured without 17β E2. CCK8 method, ELISA and qRT-PCR were used to analyze the proliferation of chondrocytes, the levels of CNP and IGF1 in culture medium and mRNA levels of CNP, NPR-B and IGF1, respectively.  Results · 17β E2 in different concentrations affected the proliferation of growth plate chondrocytes significantly. When the concentration of 17β E2 was 10-8 mol/L, it had the strongest effect on the cell proliferation. When the concentration increased to 10-4 mol/L, the proliferation of chondrocytes was inhibited. With the increasement of 17β E2 concentration, the levels of CNP in the culture medium and the mRNA levels of CNP in the chondrocytes were significantly different. The highest levels of CNP protein and mRNA both appeared in 10-8 mol/L group, while the lowest levels both appeared in 10-4 mol/L group. IGF1 and its mRNA also reached the highest levels in 10-8 mol/L group, but the lowest concentration and mRNA level were in 10-10 mol/L group and 10-12 mol/L, respectively. Both CNP mRNA and protein levels were positive correlated with the proliferation of chondrocytes (P=0.000). Nevertheless, there was no significant correlation between the proliferation of chondrocytes and IGF1 mRNA or protein levels (P>0.05).  Conclusion · 17β E2 modulates proliferation of rat growth plate chondrocytes in a dose-effect manner. It enhances proliferation at relatively low concentrations (10-10-10-8 mol/L) and inhibits proliferation at high concentration. This effect is positively related to CNP expression in chondrocytes.

Key words: 17&beta, estrodial, growth plate, chondrocyte, rat, C type natriuretic peptide, insulin like growth factor 1, natriuretic peptide receptor B