Journal of Shanghai Jiao Tong University (Medical Science) ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (3): 357-363.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2022.03.014

• Evidence-based medicine • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Summary of the best evidence summary on prevention strategies for diaper dermatitis in infants

LI Yan1(), JIANG Yan2, KANG Qiongfang3, LU Qunfeng2()   

  1. 1.Department of PICU, Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200333, China
    2.Department of Nursing, Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200333, China
    3.Department of Nursing, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 201102, China
  • Received:2021-10-15 Online:2022-03-28 Published:2022-05-09
  • Contact: LU Qunfeng;

Abstract: Objective

·To search, appraise and retrieve the best evidence on prevention strategies for diaper dermatitis in infants, and provide evidence-based guidance for reducing the diaper dermatitis.


·BMJ Best Practice, UpToDate, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network, Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario, Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Center of Evidence-Based Healthcare Database, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effectiveness, Cochrane Library, Campbell, Medline, PubMed, SinoMed, Chinese Nursing Association, and Chinese Pediatric Society, Chinese Medical Association were systematacially searched to collect relevant evidence on preventing diaper dermatitis in infants. The evidence including clinical decisions, guidelines, evidence summaries, systematic reviews and expert consensuses published from database construction to June 2021. Two researchers evaluated the quality of the literature, and extracted recommendations and research conclusions from the included literature.


·Totally 8 articles were involved, including 2 clinical decisions, 1 evidence summary, 4 systematic reviews and 1 expert consensus. Finally, 26 pieces of best evidence about air, barrier, cleaning, diaper and education were summarized.


·Pediatric professionals should optimize the clinical process to prevent diaper dermatitis, which is on the basis of evidence, cultural characteristics, resource allocation and patient characteristics. Family education is also important, aiming at reducing the incidence rate of diaper dermatitis in infants.

Key words: infant, diaper dermatitis, prevention, evidence-based nursing

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