›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 525-.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2020.04.018

• Original article (Public health) • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Analysis on the prevention of osteoporosis in middle-aged and elderly residents of Shanghai community

WANG Feng-wei, SHEN Qiu-ming, SHI Yue, ZHANG Shu-xian, WANG Hu-wen, CHANG Rui-jie, YANG Ying-hua, WAN He-ping, SHEN Tian, CAI Yong   

  1. 1. School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200025, China; 2.Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control & Prevention, Shanghai 200336, China; 3. Shanghai Center for Health Promotion, Shanghai 200040, China
  • Online:2020-04-28 Published:2020-05-22
  • Supported by:
    National Nature Science Foundation of China (71603167).

Abstract: Objective · To investigate the correlation between knowledge, self-efficacy and prevention management behaviour of osteoporosis among middle-aged and elderly community residents in Shanghai, based on the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) theory. Methods ·using convenient sampling, a cross-sectional study was conducted to obtain information of 2 058 residents 20 communities in Shanghai, concerning socio-demographics, osteoporosis knowledge scale, osteoporosis self-efficacy scale and osteoporosis prevention management behaviour scale questionnaires. The structural equation model was applied to correlation analysis and path analysis. Results · A total of 2 001 valid questionnaires were collected, the average age being (62.12±12.08) years; female osteoporosis prevention self-management behaviour (17.25±5.35) was shown to be better mens (t3.78, PF26.93, Pt3.89, PF8.66, Pβ0.27, 95% CI 0.22-0.32; β1.01, 95% CI 0.92-1.11). Path analysis showed that relevant knowledge (β0.169, Pβ0.410, PConclusion · Male, low education, no family history of osteoporosis and low income are the risk factors for the decrease of osteoporosis prevention and management behaviour.

Key words: knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP), osteoporosis, knowledge, self-efficacy, behaviour