›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 571-.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2013.05.011

• Monographic report (Clinical nursing and management) • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Survey of foot self-care knowledge and behaviors and analysis of related factors in patients with diabetes mellitus

FENG Yu-lin1,2, WU Jue-min1   

  1. 1.School of Nursing, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200025, China; 2.Department of Nursing, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, China
  • Online:2013-05-28 Published:2013-05-28


Objective To investigate the status of foot self-care knowledge and behaviors in patients with diabetes mellitus, and analyse the influencing factors. Methods Two hundred and ninety-two patients with diabetes mellitus were surveyed with self-designed questionnaire on diabetic foot recognition, foot self-care knowledge and behaviors. Results Only 30.5% patients mastered over 60% of correct knowledge and behaviors. Patients showed deficiency in recognition of diabetic foot, knowledge on daily foot self-examination and behaviors, while had some learning on choosing proper shoes and socks. The status of knowledge and behaviors of patients was influenced by the gender, age, education, level of hospital and guidance from diabetes specialist nurses. Conclusion Patients with diabetes mellitus may lack of foot self-care knowledge and proper behaviors. Systematic educational approaches on foot care should be introduced to enhance the awareness and ability of foot self-care.

Key words: diabetes mellitus, diabetic foot, self-care, knowledge, behavior