›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (10): 1157-.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2018.10.004

• Original article (Basic research) • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Resistant dextrin improves insulin resistance in db/db miceenhancing insulin signaling pathway

HU Fan, NIU Yi-xin, TU Xiao-fang, SU Qing, ZHANG Hong-mei   

  1. Department of Endocrinology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China
  • Online:2018-10-28 Published:2018-11-18
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, 81670743; Clinical Research Plan of Shanghai Hospital Development Center, 16CR4012A

Abstract: Objective · To investigate the effect of resistant dextrin on insulin resistance in db/db mice and preliminarily explore potential molecular mechanisms. Methods · Ten 8-week-old db/db mice were randomly assigned into two groups, i.e., control group and resistant dextrin group, which were administered with distilled water and resistant dextringavage for 9 weeks, respectively. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) and body weight were measured every week. Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT) and insulin tolerance test (ITT) were performed separately at the 8th and 9th week. Fasting serum insulin (FINS) was measured, homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index was calculated, and triacylglycerol (TAG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-Ch), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-Ch) were detected after the mice were sacrificed. The relative of Ir, Irs-1, Pi3k, Akt, and Glut-2 in insulin signaling pathways in the liver was determinedreal-time quantitative PCR. The of IRS-1, p-AKT, GLUT-2 in the liver were determinedWestern blotting. Results · After 9 weeks of treatment with resistant dextrin, the body weight of the resistant dextrin group decreased, but the difference was not statistically significant (P0.384); FINS decreased, and HOMA-IR index significantly decreased (P0.032); insulin resistance was significantly improved (all P<0.05); the blood biochemical parameters, including TAG, TC, LDL-Ch, and HDL-Ch were lower, but only LDL-Ch was statistically different (P0.034); the of Ir, Irs-1, Akt, and Glut-2 mRNA in the liver significantly increased (all P<0.05); the of IRS-1 and GLUT-2 proteins also significantly increased (P0.026, P0.039). Conclusion · Resistant dextrin may improve insulin resistance in db/db miceenhancing insulin signaling pathway.

Key words: resistant dextrin, diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance, db/db mice

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