›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 310-.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2018.03.013

• Original article (Public health administration) • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of social cognition and interactive training on rehabilitation of schizophrenic patients in community

JIANG Ya-qin1, 2, WANG Zuo-wei2 , JIE Yong2 , YI Zheng-hui1#, WANG Ji-jun1#   

  1. 1. Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200030, China; 2. Shanghai Hongkou District Mental Health Center, Shanghai 200081, China
  • Online:2018-03-28 Published:2018-05-03
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, 816713268, 1171272; Shanghai Public Health Excellence Discipline Leader Training Program, GWDTR201227; Shanghai Mental Health Center International Cooperative Scientific Research Project, 2015-YJGJ-03; Key Project of Hongkou District Commission of Health and Family Planning, 1702-13; Funding for Basic Scientific Research Services of the Central University of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 16JXRZ060

Abstract:  Objective · To explore the effectiveness and feasibility of social cognitive and interactive training (SCIT) in rehabilitation of schizophrenic patients, and propose to establish a new mode of community rehabilitation. Methods · A total of 60 patients with schizophrenia managed in the community in Shanghai Hongkou District were divided into control group and intervention group with 30 cases in each group. The control group was treated with conventional community management. The intervention group accepted SCIT courses at the base of conventional community management. Before and after the intervention, all patients completed the related scales for schizophrenia. Scale scores were analyzed with analysis of variance by SPSS 22.0 to explore the rehabilitation effect of training. Results · In intervention group, the time used in the face emotion identification task (FEIT) had no significant difference with the control group, but the correct rate for FEIT increased significantly. In intervention group, ambiguous intentions hostility questionnaire-ambiguous items (AIHQ-A) scores were significantly lower. The total and sub scale scores of positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) and scale for assessment of negative symptoms (SANS), Calgary depression scale for schizophrenia (CDSS) scores were significantly decreased in intervention group. Otherwise, Toronto alexithymia scale (TAS) scores also decreased. Personal and social performance scale (PSP) scores in the SCIT group were increased after training. Finally, according to the training participation and the feedback of the patients, the training had a higher degree of acceptance and positive affirmation. Conclusion · SCIT can improve the social cognition and social function of schizophrenic patients in the community, also improve the mental symptoms, especially the negative symptoms and depressive symptoms, and has high feasibility and acceptability, so it can be promoted in community-based rehabilitation.

Key words: schizophrenia, social cognition and interactive training (SCIT), rehabilitation, community