Analysis on influencing factors for cost of hospital delivery in Shanghai
2018, 38 (3):
Objective · To analyse the composition of hospitalization childbirth costs and its influencing factors, which provides theory basis on reasonable control of rapid growth of hospitalization childbirth costs. Methods · With the method of stratified random sampling, 12 secondary and tertiary hospitals were chosen in Shanghai. According to the hospitalization number, the maternal disease cases delivering from Jan. 1, 2016 to Jun. 30, 2016 were randomly selected. The basic information and the cost of hospitalization were collected, and the database was established. Descriptive statistics, z test, non-parametric test and multiple linear stepwise regression analysis were performed by SPSS 20.0. Results · The cost of hospital delivery per capita in Shanghai from Jan. to Jun. 2016 was 7 826.39 yuan, of which the cost of bed, inspection, operation and western medicine accounted for the highest proportion of the expenses (17%, 16%, 15% and 15%, respectively). Maternal hospitalization cost univariate analysis showed that the effect of age, occupation, payment, pregnancy complications, modes of delivery, length of stay, prenatal and postnatal pathological condition on hospitalization cost were statistically significant. A multifactorial study on the cost of hospitalization showed that the delivery mode, length of stay, prenatal and postnatal pathological pathological condition, age and pregnancy complications were the main influencing factors. Conclusion · The hospitalization cost of cesarean section is significantly higher than that of vaginal delivery, the hospital cost structure of these two modes of delivery is different, and the reduction of cesarean section rate is of great significance. It is necessary to optimize the hospital cost structure via controlling the cost of western medicine, operation, and inspection.
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