上海交通大学学报(医学版) ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (3): 369-374.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8115.2022.03.016

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

近视相关非编码RNA的研究进展

陈威存(), 苑影, 柯碧莲()   

  1. 上海交通大学医学院附属第一人民医院眼科,上海 200080
  • 收稿日期:2021-10-15 出版日期:2022-03-28 发布日期:2022-05-09
  • 通讯作者: 柯碧莲 E-mail:ten70065@163.com;kebilian@126.com
  • 作者简介:陈威存(1996—),男,中国台湾,硕士生;电子信箱:ten70065@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2020YFC2003904);国家自然科学基金(81770953);上海市第一人民医院临床研究创新团队项目(CTCCR-2018B01);上海交通大学“交大之星”计划医工交叉研究基金(YG2021ZD18)

Research progress of non-coding RNA in myopia

Weijung TEN(), Ying YUAN, Bilian KE()   

  1. Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200080, China
  • Received:2021-10-15 Online:2022-03-28 Published:2022-05-09
  • Contact: Bilian KE E-mail:ten70065@163.com;kebilian@126.com
  • Supported by:
    National Key R&D Program of China(2020YFC2003904);National Natural Science Foundation of China(81770953);Clinical Research Innovation Plan of Shanghai General Hospital(CTCCR-2018B01);Shanghai Jiao Tong University Medical Engineering Cross Research(YG2021ZD18)

摘要:

非编码RNA是一类无法借由翻译形成蛋白质的RNA,包括微RNA(microRNA,miRNA )、长链非编码RNA(long non-coding RNA,lncRNA)和环状RNA(circular RNA,circRNA)等,曾被认为是“转录噪音”。研究发现非编码RNA参与许多人类疾病病理生理过程,包括细胞的增殖、分化、凋亡及胚胎发育等。近年来发现近视患者及近视动物模型的巩膜组织、视网膜色素上皮细胞(retinal pigment epithelium,RPE)、房水组织存在非编码RNA表达谱变化。非编码RNA异常表达可能通过调节巩膜细胞外基质重塑过程、调整脉络膜血流及厚度来影响近视的发生发展。因此,该文围绕非编码RNA在近视领域的研究进展进行综述,以期为近视的诊疗提供全新的方向和思路。

关键词: 近视, 非编码RNA, 微RNA, 长链非编码RNA, 环状RNA

Abstract:

Non-coding RNA is a type of RNA that cannot be translated into protein, which was once considered “transcriptional noise”, including microRNA (miRNA), long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), and circular RNA (circRNA). Research has found that non-coding RNA is involved in the physiological and pathological processes of several human diseases, such as cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and embryonic development. Recently, it has been considered that the expression profile changes of non-coding RNA in scleral tissue, retinal pigment epithelium cells (RPE), and aqueous humor of myopia patients and myopia animal models. The differential expression of non-coding RNA may contribute to the development of myopia by regulating the scleral extracellular matrix remodeling process, and choroidal blood flow and thickness. Therefore, this article aims to review the research progress in non-coding RNA of myopia to provide new directions and ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of myopia in the future.

Key words: non-coding RNA, microRNA, long non-coding RNA, circRNA, myopia

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